Shisha is the name of the tobacco whilst the pipes are known as water pipes, hookahs or shisha pipes. There are two main theories as to their origins. Some say the first waterpipes were invented in India during Mughal rule (approx 500 years ago). Other theorists claim it came from Persia, specifically during Safavid rule, also around 500 years ago, and from there it was taken east to India before spreading elsewhere. Countries where Shisha became notably important include Egypt and the Levant. Evidence for Persian origin comes from the use of the Persian word shisha, which means glass bowl.
Falling within the Indian theory is the idea that is was invented for medical reasons by an Indian doctor called Irfan Shaikh in the late 16th century. However, a Persian poet Ahlī Shirazi wrote a poem in the early 16th century referring to the ḡalyān in a poem.
Water pipes in one form or another are used all over the world today to enjoy a variety of flavoured tobaccos. They are foremost used in the Levant where they play a significant role in the social culture of the area, with many young users keeping up the tradition. Thanks to the multicultural and diverse planet we now live on, it’s common to see shisha pipes enjoyed all over the world.
Henna Tattoo Artists
The art of henna (called mehndi in Hindi & Urdu) has been practiced for over 5000 years in Pakistan, India, Africa and the Middle East. There is some documentation that it is over 9000 years old. Because henna has natural cooling properties, people of the desert, for centuries, have been using henna to cool down their bodies. They make a henna paste and soak their palms and soles of the feet in it to get an air conditioning affect. They feel its cooling sensation throughout the body for as long as the henna stain remains on their skin. Initially, as the stain faded away, it left patterns on the skin which led to the idea of making designs for decorative purposes. Also in the ancient Egyptian times mummies wore henna designs and it is documented that Cleopatra herself used henna for decorative purposes.
Today people all over the world have adopted the ancient traditions of adorning their bodies with the beautiful natural artwork created from the henna plant. It became a popular form of temporary tattoo in the 90's in the US and has become a growing trend ever since. Celebrities like Madonna, Gwen Stefani, Yasmine Bleeth, Liv Tyler, Xena, and many others proudly adorn their bodies with henna. People throughout the west have adopted the eastern tradition in their lives by having their hands and feet painted for weddings and at festivals.
The term Bollywood was created by combining two names, Bombay (the city now called Mumbai) and Hollywood. Bollywood based in Mumbai (Bombay), is India’s – and the world’s - largest film industry in terms of the number of films produced, and also the number of tickets sold each year.
The international appeal of Bollywood dancing is something that has been in the making for many decades. Originally it was found only in places that had a significant consumption of Indian films. But today it is rising in popularity in the US, Canada and Europe. With the success of films such as the Oscar winning movie “Slumdog Millionaire”, Bollywood films and dance have taken the world by storm & has now come into the global spotlight.